Cymbidium orchid is one of the most prized cut flowers in the present cut flower trade. It is very popular because of its exquisite beauty, very long vase life and above all its rarity in the market. This belongs to the family Orchidaceae. A large number of hybrids are available for cut flower, pot plant purpose or for dual purpose.
The important Cymbidium growing countries in the world are Australia, New Zealand, Japan, the Netherlands, the USA and England. In India, its cultivation is limited to Sikkim and the surrounding region of West Bengal covering Kalimpong, Darjeeling and Mirik. Other North Eastern states like Nagaland and Arunachal Pradesh are also promoting this flower.
Tomato is one of the most important – “protective foods” because of its special nutritive value and widespread production. It is the world’s third largest vegetable crop after potato and sweet potato, but it tops the list of capped vegetables. Tomatoes are used for soup, salad, pickles, ketchup, puree, sauces etc. It was introduced in India by the Portuguese. It is now the most important and remunerative vegetable in India. Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Bihar, Orissa are the major tomato growing states. Because of suitable agro climatic conditions of Sikkim, tomato can be grown throughout year.
Krishi Romeo, Jassica, Badshah
It is one of the most important groups of vegetable crops and commonly cultivated in our country.
The word “cabbage” is derived from the French word “coboche” that means head. The head may be conical, round or flat round with smooth leaves. It is cultivated as an annual crop. It is an important crop and commercially cultivated in almost all regions of Sikkim. Cabbage was introduced in our country much earlier than cauliflower. Through exact date of introduction is not available but it was reported to be grown during the mughal period. It appears to have been introduced by the Portuguese, though the crop became popular during the British rule. The seeds of cabbage used to be imported from Europe and the attempts to produce seeds were undertaken during the Second World War when the supply was cut off. In spite of its long history of growing in this country, its popularity is somewhat less compared to cauliflower, through the position is reverse when the popularity is judged in the world as a whole.
Mandarin orange is the most common among citrus fruits grown in India. It occupies nearly 50% of the total citrus area in India. Sikkim Mandarin represents the most important commercial fruit of Sikkim. Sikkim Mandarin is similar to the Nepal or Assam or Darjeeling Mandarin. In Sikkim mandarin orange is cultivated from time immemorial. It is a native fruit of Sikkim and is very popular in Kolkata market.
Citrus reticulate is a highly polyembryonic species, having medium sized upright trees. Besides world wide demand of Mandarin Oranges as fresh fruits, these can be used for the preparation of a number of processed products like orange marmalade, bottled and canned juices, squash, jam, jelly etc. Orange oil is also important citrus oil used for flavouring purposes.